Quick Answer: Which Countries Have The Highest Income Inequality?

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South Africa



Which countries have the lowest income inequality?

Mexico, Chile, the US and Turkey have the highest inequality among the OECD members. And inequality is even higher in emerging economies. On the flip side, Denmark, Slovenia, and Czech Republic have the lowest. “The evidence shows that high inequality is bad for growth.

What is considered a high Gini coefficient?

A society that scores 0.0 on the Gini scale has perfect equality in income distribution. Higher the number over 0 higher the inequality, and the score of 1.0 (or 100) indicates total inequality where only one person corners all the income. Also called Gini coefficient or index of concentration.

Is a higher Gini coefficient better?

All other things being equal, most people would agree that a low Gini index is a good thing. As Matthew Osborne said, inequality can breed social problems. But it’s not a simple problem; most civil unrest actually comes when the lives of lower or middle class people are getting better.

Which region has the highest levels of income inequality?

US states with the highest levels of income inequality. Income inequality is a growing issue not only in the U.S., but across the globe. A 2017 report from global charity Oxfam found that the richest 1 percent of people in the world control 82 percent of the total wealth.

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Which country is the most egalitarian?


Which country has the lowest Gini coefficient?

GINI index (World Bank estimate) – Country Ranking

Rank Country Value
1 South Africa 63.40
2 Namibia 61.00
3 Botswana 60.50
4 Suriname 57.60

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Is there an ideal level of income inequality?

Income inequality is a big problem, many economists agree. But they also say some level of inequality is necessary for capitalism to work. The top 1 percent pocket more than 20 percent of the nation’s income, and the 400 richest people in the country own more wealth than everyone in the bottom 50 percent.

What is the ideal Gini coefficient?

The Gini coefficient is one of the most frequently used measures of economic inequality. The coefficient can take any values between 0 to 1 (or 0% to 100%). A coefficient of zero indicates a perfectly equal distribution of income or wealth. Also, GDP can help compare the within a population.

What is Canada’s Gini coefficient?

Relative to its peers, Canada’s tax and transfer system does reduce inequality but only by 27 per cent—the Canadian Gini coefficient falls from 0.441 to 0.324.

What is Gini coefficient of India?

According to the World Bank, the Gini coefficient in India was 0.339 in 2009. The Gini coefficient in India went up from 0.43 (1995–96) to 0.45 (2004–05). According to the 2015 World Wealth Report, India had 198,000 high net worth individuals (annual income over $1 million) with a combined wealth of $785 billion.

What is China’s Gini coefficient?

As of 2012, the official Gini coefficient in China was 0.474, although that number has been disputed by scholars who “suggest China’s inequality is actually far greater.” A study published in the PNAS estimated that China’s Gini coefficient increased from 0.30 to 0.55 between 1980 and 2002.

What state has the worst income inequality?

U.S. income inequality was at its highest level since the United States Census Bureau began tracking household income in 1967.


Rank State or federal district Gini Coefficient
1 Utah 0.4063
2 Alaska 0.4081
3 New Hampshire 0.4304
4 Wyoming 0.4360

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Which states have the highest income?

In its 2018 Best States rankings, U.S. News determined which states have the highest median household income, based on U.S. Census Bureau data.

  • Virginia.
  • New Hampshire.
  • Connecticut.
  • Hawaii.
  • Massachusetts.
  • New Jersey.
  • Alaska. Median household income: $76,440.
  • Maryland. Median household income: $78,945.
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Is income inequality increasing or decreasing?

Two researchers claim that global income inequality is decreasing, due to strong economic growth in developing countries. However, the OECD reported in 2015 that income inequality is higher than it has ever been within OECD member nations and is at increased levels in many emerging economies.

What is the most equal country in the world?

Using the most recent figures, South Africa, Namibia and Haiti are among the most unequal countries in terms of income distribution – based on the Gini index estimates from the World Bank – while Ukraine, Slovenia and Norway rank as the most equal nations in the world.

Which countries have equal pay laws?

European Union/European Economic Area

Country Main legal provisions
Sweden The 1980 Act on Equality between Men and Women/Equal Opportunities Act, as amended since.
UK The Equal Pay Act 1970, as amended by Equal Value Regulations of 1983, and the Sex Discrimination Act of 1975 and 1986, superseded by the Equality Act 2010.

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What does the word pocho mean?

Pocho (feminine: pocha) is a term used by Mexicans (frequently pejoratively) to describe Chicanos and those who have left Mexico. The word derives from the Spanish word pocho, used to describe fruit that has become rotten or discolored.

Is the Gini coefficient accurate?

Each item has a numeric value (and sub values) and its Gini distribution coefficient. An ideal government would use them to continuously improve the well-being of its population. Accuracy of the Gini coefficient is not crucial. One digit accuracy is good enough to set tax policy, e.g., a goal of 0.3 is good enough.

What does a Gini coefficient of 0.5 mean?

The Gini Coefficient of wealth distribution. The Gini Coefficient ranges between 0 and 1 (or it can also be expressed as a number from 0 to 100) and is given by the ratio of the areas: If A = 0, it means the Lorenz Curve is actually the Line of Equality.

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WHO calculates Gini coefficient?

The Gini index is the Gini coefficient expressed as a percentage, and is equal to the Gini coefficient multiplied by 100. (The Gini coefficient is equal to half of the relative mean difference.) The Gini coefficient is often used to measure income inequality.

What causes income inequality?

Current economic literature largely points to three explanatory causes of falling wages and rising income inequality: technology, trade, and institutions. Falling labor force participation, stagnating median wages, and declining share of labor income, for example, are all part of current U.S. labor market trends.

Why does Denmark have low income inequality?

Modern studies have posited a possible link between low levels of income inequality and happiness. Denmark and the Nordic countries also have the lowest levels of individual earnings inequality and this is due to the high capacity of the redistributive system.

How can you reduce inequality?

Six policies to reduce economic inequality

  1. Increase the minimum wage.
  2. Expand the Earned Income Tax.
  3. Build assets for working families.
  4. Invest in education.
  5. Make the tax code more progressive.
  6. End residential segregation.

What is the UK Gini coefficient?

The UK’s wealth distribution is roughly average compared to the other OECD countries. The UK has a wealth GINI coefficient of 73.2% compared to an OECD average of 72.8%.

How do you read Gini coefficients?

In a country with a Gini coefficient of 0, everyone receives exactly the same income. In between 0 and 100, Gini coefficients are harder to interpret. A Gini coefficient of 50 represents 50 percent concentration in a country’s income distribution.

What is Gini coefficient in economics?

In economics, the Gini coefficient (/ˈdʒiːni/ JEE-nee), sometimes called Gini index, or Gini ratio, is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income or wealth distribution of a nation’s residents, and is the most commonly used measurement of inequality.

Photo in the article by “Wikipedia” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gini_coefficient

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