Liver and Gallbladder
The liver is a roughly triangular accessory organ of the digestive system located to the right of the stomach, just inferior to the diaphragm and superior to the small intestine.
The liver weighs about 3 pounds and is the second largest organ in the body.
What plays the biggest role in digestion?
Which of the the following organs plays the biggest role in absorbing the nutrients found in foods we eat? (D) saliva serves the dual purpose of moisturizing and lubricating (mechanical digestion), while also starting the process of chemical digestion with the amylase enzyme.
What is the longest organ?
The largest internal organ is the liver. It is also the heaviest organ, with an average of 1.6 kilograms (3.5 pounds). The largest external organ, which is also the largest organ in general, is the skin. The longest muscle is the sartorius muscle in the thigh.
Is the liver larger than the stomach?
Your liver is your body’s largest solid organ. On average, it weighs around 3 pounds in adulthood and is roughly the size of a football. The liver’s position is mostly in the right upper portion of the stomach, just below the diaphragm. A portion of the liver goes into the left upper abdomen as well.
What are the 7 steps of digestion?
The digestive process starts when you put food in your mouth.
- Mouth. Food starts to move through your GI tract when you eat.
- Esophagus. Once you begin swallowing, the process becomes automatic.
- Lower esophageal sphincter.
- Small intestine.
- Large intestine.
What is the smallest organ?
What’s the smallest bone in the human body? Conveniently, that would be the stapes. It is one of three tiny bones in the middle ear that convey sound from the outer ear to the inner ear. Collectively called the ossicles, these bones are individually known as the malleus, incus, and stapes.
What’s the fattest organ in your body?
What are the early signs of liver problems?
Signs and symptoms of liver disease include:
- Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
- Abdominal pain and swelling.
- Swelling in the legs and ankles.
- Itchy skin.
- Dark urine color.
- Pale stool color, or bloody or tar-colored stool.
- Chronic fatigue.
- Nausea or vomiting.
What size should your liver be?
By percussion, the mean liver size is 7 cm for women and 10.5 cm for men (Table 94.1). A liver span 2 to 3 cm larger or smaller than these values is considered abnormal. The liver weighs 1200 to 1400 g in the adult woman and 1400 to 1500 g in the adult man.
How can I tell if my liver is enlarged?
But if a medical condition is causing your enlarged liver, you may experience serious symptoms such as:
- jaundice, or yellowing of the skin and eyes.
- muscle aches.
- abdominal pain or mass.
- poor appetite.
Photo in the article by “Flickr”